Cl. Alexandre Bolly. PAIR

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): view of a collapsed section of the shelter during the excavation‚ with a German soldier in the foreground. You can make out his rifle‚ belt‚ canteen and gas mask case. In the background an iron stove lies upturned‚ along with several gas mask filters‚ a leather shovel case‚ a leather bandolier and a prefabricated concrete block.

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Cl. Alexandre Bolly. PAIR

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): three German soldiers sitting on a wooden bench.

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Cl. Michaël Landolt. PAIR

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): view of a section of the shelter‚ with an access ladder burned after it was abandoned. Note the presence of wooden bunkbeds near one of the entrances.

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Cl. Michaël Landolt. PAIR

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): remnants of the rescue operation‚ with wooden struts still visible at the entrance to the collapsed section of the shelter. The pile of wood debris in the foreground is evidence of the clearing efforts made by the rescuers. There is also a cast iron stove and a set of wire-cutters for removing barbed wire.

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Document S. Renger

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): burial in the temporary cemetery at Wittersdorf (Haut-Rhin) of some of the soldiers of the German 94th reserve infantry regiment killed on 18th March 1918 when their bomb shelter collapsed.

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Document S. Renger

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): temporary wooden monument erected by the Germans in 1918‚ with a list of all 21 missing soldiers. To the right of the frame you can make out a wooden beam from the collapsed bomb shelter.

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Cl. Michaël Landolt. PAIR

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): excavating this German shelter.

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Cl. Michaël Landolt. PAIR

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): excavating this German shelter.

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Cl. Mathias Higelin. PAIR

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): section of the shelter and access staircase which collapsed under artillery fire on 18th March 1918. One of the wooden walls gave way‚ collapsing on the soldiers taking refuge in the shelter.

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Cl. Alexandre Bolly. PAIR

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): access staircase.

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Photo J. Ehret

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): Aerial view of the excavation showing the shelter and access tunnels.

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Cl. Michaël Landolt. PAIR

Carspach ‘Kilianstollen’ (Haut-Rhin): view of a section of the shelter with its wooden latticework.

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PAIR

Overview of the Carspach tunnels (Haut-Rhin) during excavation. The Kilianstollen was located on the German front line‚ which remained stable to the west of Altkirch between 1914 and 1918. This large underground shelter was constructed in early 1916 using mine engineering techniques. The shelter ran parallel to the trenches‚ at a depth of between 3.5 and 6 metres.

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